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  1. Moment of Battle: The Twenty Clashes That Changed the World
  2. The 3,500-Year-Old Rubber Ball That Changed Sports Forever
  3. How the Battle of Diu Changed World History!

Moment of Battle: The Twenty Clashes That Changed the World

Navy at Guadalcanal. James Lacey is the author most recently of The First Clash, about the battle of Marathon, and is a widely published defense analyst who has written for Time, National Review, Foreign Affairs, and other publications.


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Williamson Murray is the author of a wide selection of articles and books, including, with Allan R. Login Register.

The 3,500-Year-Old Rubber Ball That Changed Sports Forever

Advanced Search. Your cart is empty. Free delivery across Pakistan on order of Rs. Add to Wish List Add to Cart. Description Category: History - Reference World History World History-Whi Publisher: Bantam Dell Usa ISBN: Pages: Two modern masters of military history make their case for the twenty most pivotal battles of all time, in a riveting trip through the ages to those moments when the fate of the world hung in the balance. About the Author James Lacey is the author most recently of The First Clash, about the battle of Marathon, and is a widely published defense analyst who has written for Time, National Review, Foreign Affairs, and other publications.

Also by the Same Author View All. Before the second battle occurred, Burgoyne waited in vain for reinforcements, and by October 7, concluding he wait no longer, he launched a second attack. This time, the American forces held against the British assault and were able to counterattack to regain any lost ground. Burgoyne and his troops, defeated, began a march to the town of Saratoga where they entrenched themselves once again in hopes of escaping. Within a fortnight, however, Gates's army had surrounded them and forced them to surrender. Following the American victory, morale among American troops was high.

With Burgoyne's surrender of his entire army to Gates, the Americans scored a decisive victory that finally persuaded the French to sign a treaty allying with the United States against Britain, France's traditional enemy. The Spanish and later the Dutch provided support as well, eager to seize the opportunity to weaken their British rival.

In the aftermath of his victory at Saratoga, General Gates enjoyed widespread popular support and some campaigned behind the scenes to have him replace Washington as commander-in-chief of the Continental Army. In an episode that became known as the " Conway Cabal ," Gates's supporters began to conspire against Washington, but their plot was discovered when a drunken officer, Colonel James Wilkinson, stated publicly that General Thomas Conway had praised Gates as the savior of the Revolution while at the same time disparaging Washington.

It was only through the premature discovery of this plot and the strong backing of key figures in the both the army and Congress that Washington was able to maintain his command. He apologized to Washington, who retained his command for the remainder of the war and, supported by French forces on land and sea, received the British surrender at Yorktown in Douglas R. New York: Bantam Books, , From there, it went to the rest of Europe.

Each intermediary made a lot of profit in the process. For instance, the Pepper purchased in Calicut for 4. The Venetians merchants then sold it in Venice for 56 ducats and by the time it reached Lisbon Portugal , the price of pepper was 80 ducats! No wonder, the Portuguese were so desperate to find a direct sea route to India and cut out all the middlemen.

The landing of Vasco Da Gama and his fleet in Calicut in , and their attempt to establish direct trade links, suddenly upset the status quo, and soon there was a reaction. Egged on by the Marakkar muslim merchants, the Zamorin was quick to expel the Portuguese from Calicut, and they were even quicker, in finding a new ally - the Raja of Cochin. Desperate to get their hat in, in the trade, the Portuguese soon started underselling everyone else.

Alarm bells were ringing in Alexandria too, as the Mamluks there had the most to lose. Ruling over dry and arid Egypt, the spice trade with India was their biggest source of revenue. Finally, in , the Mamluks decided to send a massive naval armada to India to fight the Portuguese.


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However, they had no naval expertise and the they had to take help from the Venetians. On the 15th of September , a large flotilla comprising of Mamluk soldiers, Turkish and Ethiopian mercenaries, Venetian gunners and Greek sailors, under the command of a Kurdish Admiral Amir Hussain Al-Kurdi set sail for India. After long stays at Jeddah and Hormuz, they arrived in Diu, two years later in Through his shrewd dealings, he had developed Diu into a major trading port.

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How the Battle of Diu Changed World History!

While he was pragmatic enough to realize the naval superiority of the Portuguese, he had no option but to follow the orders of his master, Mahmud Begada, the Sultan of Gujarat. In March , the joint naval fleets of the Mamluks and Gujarat launched an attack on the Portuguese fleet just off the coast of Chaul, in Maharashtra. While they managed to sink the Portuguese flagship, they faced heavy losses and had to retreat back to Diu. Enraged and grief stricken Dom Francisco swore revenge. What started as a trade war, now turned into a saga of vendetta. Dom Francisco even defied orders from Portugal, to hand over charge and return, before he had completed his mission.

On 9th December , the Portuguese fleet set sail for Diu.

10 EPIC BATTLES that Changed History FOREVER!